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This page offers a collection of relevant documents related to the evolution of the debate about the international provision of security services and its regulation. Between 2000 and 2010, in particular, certain regulation issues were commonly raised by security industry professionals. Now that the regulation debate is reaching maturity, this section will evolve to incorporate more generic innovation and research information. .
More soon!


2016 - 2020

• G4S plc. Statement on attack in Orlando, Florida. Omar Mateen was employed by G4S at a residential community in South Florida and was off-duty at the time of the incident. G4S, June 12, 2016: TEXT

2011 - 2015

• OICV-IOSCO. IOSCO Securities Market Risk Outlook 2014-15. more than half of exchanges responding to a cyber-crime survey noted having suffered cyber-attacks in 2012-2013. Madrid,  L'Organisation internationale des commissions de valeurs-International Organization of Securities Commissions (OICV-IOSCO), October 2014: PDF

Boeing. X-37B Orbital Test Vehicle. The X-37B Orbital Test Vehicle is an unmanned space vehicle that will be used by the United States Air Force to explore reusable vehicle technologies in support of long-term space objectives. These objectives include space experimentation, risk reduction, and concept of operations development. Boeing's involvement in the program began in 1999. Overview: HTML | PDF

Boeing-built X-37B Orbital Test Vehicle Successfully Completes 3rd Flight. The unmanned spacecraft concludes record-setting 674-day mission. Boeing, October 17, 2014: TEXT | PICTURES

Inmarsat. Colombian Combat Ship ARC Nariño Arrives Home After Braving 11,000-Nautical-Mile Trip Under Severe Weather Conditions. October 13, 2014. The vessel navigated safely around typhoons and hurricanes thanks to Inmarsat’s FleetBroadband maritime communications system: TEXT

Triple Canopy Forms an Employee-Owned Company. As a veteran-owned and veteran-run company, more than 80 percent of Triple Canopy’s workforce is made up of former military personnel. TP Press Release, February 14, 2014: TEXT

• AdvanFort International. Republic of Benin Taps AdvanFort as First PMC to Provide Maritime Protection. Press Release, September 10, 2013. Having AdvanFort working counter piracy and security in the Gulf will safeguard cargo and an increase d passenger trade,” observed Septime Gnacadja, Director General of Benin - Scaphandrier, Chantier Naval at the Port of Cotonou“: PDF

Mandiant. APT1. Exposing One of China’s Cyber Espionage Units. Our analysis has led us to conclude that APT1 is likely government-sponsored and one of the most persistent of China’s cyber threat actors. . In seeking to identify the organization behind this activity, our research found that People’s Liberation Army (PLA’s) Unit 61398 is similar to APT1 in its mission, capabilities, and resources.Alexandria, VA, February 19, 2013: PDF

The 2011-2015 items give you an idea of the type of material we will start covering here. Cyber issues are also listed in our CYBER-CRIME section

• Ligue Internationale des Sociétés de Surveillance. Benefits of Allowing Foreign Ownership of Private Security Services Companies (White Paper). Ligue General Secretariat, Zollikofen Switzerland November 2012: PDF

• BAE Systems. FALCON - Internet for the battlespace. BAE Systems, 2012. The Falcon system gives the British Army and Royal Air Force a real advantage in the digital age. Falcon is a fully deployable, tactical communications system with an impressive ability to interface with a wide range of other systems. This means that voice, data and video information can now be shared securely across the battlespace using one common system: TEXT | PICTURES

• Confederation of European Security Services (CoESS). Private Security in Europe – CoESS Facts & Figures 2011. CoESS General Secretariat, Wemmel, Belgium, 2011. The report It provides a comprehensive overview of the European private security services landscape and targets a wide geographical area of 34 countries, i.e. the 27 EU Member States and seven additional European countries: Bosnia & Herzegovina, Croatia, Macedonia, Norway, Serbia, Switzerland and Turkey. The report allows for an updated and accurate outline of the private security services industry in each of these countries: PDF

CoESS and other similar organizations are profiled in the SECURITY INDUSTRY ASSOCIATIONS section


2006 - 2010

• Tim Spicer, CEO - Aegis. Vanity Fair Response, London, June 2007: I am writing to you regarding your article "The Business of War Iraq's Mercenary King". The author, Robert Baer cobbled together an unscrupulous story in which he attempts to make it seem as though I was interviewed. I was not as you and your staff well know. TEXT (html) [Inactive original link preserved for research purposes:]

• International Peace Operations Association. IPOA Testimony Before the House Armed Services Committee. Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigation. Executive Summary. Washington DC, 25 April 2007: click here Unfortunately, we were unable to preserve this document for posterity. [Inactive original link preserved for research purposes:]

• JJ Messner - International Peace Operations Association, Ethical security: The private sector in peace and stability operations. This was originally a paper presented at the Conference on the Regulation of the Private Security Sector in Africa organised by the Institute for Security Studies, Pretoria, April 19–20, 2007. The newer version became a book chapter:

CHAPTER 4 'Ethical security: The Private Sector in Peace and Stability Operations,' in Sabelo Gumedze (ed). Private Security in Africa. Manifestation, Challenges and Regulation. ISS Africa, Monograph No 139, November 2007: TEXT (html)

Other similar research and journal publications are available via our ACADEMIC pages

• Andrew Bearpark and Sabrina Schulz - British Association of Private Security Companies. Regulation of the Private Security Industry and the Future of the Market. BAPSC Policy Paper, London, 2007. It seems to be reasonable to assume that the training as well as the working conditions for PSC employees and contractors are key factors when trying to rid the private security industry of irresponsible companies. It is therefore equally important to drive up standards covering health and safety provisions for PSC staff, their training, protection, and insurance policies: PDF [inactive original link preserved for research purposes: on Regulation.pdf]

• Carlos Ortiz on behalf of - Assessing the Accountability of Private Security Provision. Journal of International Peace Operations, vol. 2, no. 3, January/February 2007. the problem involves at least updating theories of just war to reflect the realities of new conflicts vis-à- vis the more regular participation of private personnel in them: PDF

• International Peace Operations Association, State of the Peace & Stability Operations Industry Survey 2006. Washington, D.C, December 2006. Unfortunately, we were unable to preserve this document for posterity. [Inactive original link preserved for research purposes:]

• Christopher Beese, Chief Administrative Officer - ArmorGroup International. Duty of care to employees on deployed operations - An ArmorGroup Perspective. London, August 31, 2006. ArmorGroup believes it is the responsibility of contractors, and in particular their boards of directors, to properly prepare for every contingency likely to be encountered by employees on deployed operations: PDF click here [Inactive original link preserved for research purposes:]

• David Borland & Megan Gamse - Washington Technology Forum. Hot contracts in the Department of Defense 2006. WT, August 3, 2006. This item relates to an online forum hosted by WT after the release of their Special Report DOD becomes an ‘IDIQ world’ (TEXT html) David Borland, is a former Deputy Chief Information Officer for the Department of the Army. Megan Gamse is a former manager of defense opportunities at Input Inc: TEXT (html) [Inactive original links preserved for research purposes: | These items might dissapear soon from the Internet and we are unable to preserve them]

• Andrew Bearpark. Director, British Association of Private Security Companies. Interview with Andrew Bearpark. International Review of the Red Cross. No. 863, 2006, pp. 449-557. Armed private actors provide an increased range of activities, from protecting buildings and installations to supporting humanitarian aid and state-building and performing purely military activities that used to be the prerogative of states alone.: PDF

• Mark Ranson, a Director of Specialist Gurkha Services UK Limited (SGS). Unexploded Ordnance (UXO) an Industry Advisory. Hampshire, SGS, 2006. Since Humanitarian Mine Clearance (HMC) is largely aid-related, it is generally not subject to the threat of litigation that commercial operations might be exposed to. For this reason, aid-related HMC is often limited to surface and shallow sub-surface search techniques: PDF

Doug Brooks, President - International Peace Operations Association. Testimony to the U.S. Congress, Subcommittee on National Security, Emerging Threats, and International Relations. Washington, D.C., June 13, 2006. One of the great misconceptions is that the industry seeks to evade laws, regulations and accountability. In fact, rules and guidelines can make commercial operations far easier, more predictable and simpler: PDF [Inactive original link preserved for research purposes:]


2000 - 2005

Doug Brooks, President - International Peace Operations Association. Testimony to the South African Parliament: Prohibition of Mercenary Activity and Prohibition and Regulation of Certain Activities in an area of Armed Conflict Bill. Cape Town, October 28, 2005. South African companies and individuals offer ing services to peace and stability operations wholeheartedly endorse t he concept of transparency and are willing to work with the governme nt as partners to ensure that such services are provided openly and ethical ly to the benefit of international peace and stability operations. PDF [Inactive original link preserved for research purposes:]

• Christopher Beese, Director - ArmorGroup International. Regulation - An ArmorGroup Perspective. London, September 27, 2004. This paper is solely concerned with the desirability of extending to Private Security Companies that are based in Britain but operate abroad, a comparable regulatory framework to that which domestic security companies are already subjected: PDF [Inactive original link preserved for research purposes:]

• James Fennell - ArmorGroup International, Humanitarian Emergencies. New Role for Security Firms? ArmorView, January 27, 2000. This article is abridged from a paper given by Mr Fennell at Cranfield University in October 1999. If protection is, at least in part, the immediate "technical" solution to the impacts of political violence, then international intervention to protect vulnerable populations may benefit from technical input to policy and the management expertise of commercial security organizations: TEXT




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